Career planning refers to the process of analyzing and measuring the subjective and objective factors of an individual's career choice, determining the individual's goal of struggle, and striving to achieve this goal. In other words, career planning requires you to position yourself in a position that best leverages your strengths and choose the career that best suits your abilities based on your own interests and characteristics. Career positioning is the most critical step in determining the success or failure of a career, and it is also the starting point for career planning.
，在社会未迈入 工业化 以前，职业的种类较少，工作内涵也极为简单，通常的职业都是父母传授给子女，或由学徒直接向师 傅学习，因此并不会产生择业的种种问题。 In career planning , before the society enters industrialization , there are fewer types of occupations and the connotation of the work is very simple. Usually the occupations are taught by the parents to the children, or the apprentices learn directly from the master , so there is no job selection Various problems. Since the industrial revolution, industrial technology has become increasingly developed, machines have changed with each passing day, the production process has become increasingly complex, and the types and production of products have increased significantly. As a result, the types and occupations of industries in the work world are becoming more complex and professional. For example, the Dictionary of Occupational Tifles currently lists more than 30,000 occupations. With such a large number of occupations and complicated occupational connotations, it is difficult for young people to perceive the content and classification of various occupations by themselves, and it is difficult for parents, relatives and friends to have specialized knowledge to assist their children in choosing an appropriate occupation. Therefore, the responsibility of counseling young people to choose a job is transferred from the family to the school and social employment counseling agencies. For young people, the appropriate choice of career will affect the success or failure of their future career and the happiness of a lifetime; for the society, the appropriate choice of individual employment can determine whether the supply and demand of social manpower is balanced. If everyone is fit and proper, then not only will everyone have development prospects, but the society will also be thriving; on the contrary, personal poverty and social problems will arise. Due to career choices, there is a very important relationship for one person and society. Therefore, the government and education units should attach great importance to the young people's understanding, planning, preparation and development of their future careers and implement career education.
。 Career planning refers to a person's expectations and plans for the successive journeys of positions in his life, including one's learning, productive contributions to a career or organization, and eventual retirement .